MATURA 2015. JĘZYK ANGIELSKI, POZIOM ROZSZERZONY:
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Matura 2015. Język ANGIELSKI poziom podstawowy - ODPOWIEDZI:
Odpowiedzi do egzaminu maturalnego z języka angielskiego, poziom podstawowy, który w środę zdawali uczniowie LO. Zadania rozwiązali dla Was nauczyciele języka angielskiego.
Usłyszysz dwukrotnie wywiad z uczestniczką konkursu. Zaznacz znakiem X, które zdania są zgodne z treścią nagrania (T – True), a które nie (F – False).
Interviewer: Cindy, congratulations! You’ve won the National Spelling Competition! Cindy: Thank you. I’m so happy. I’ve done the competition once before so this year I was more relaxed. Last year when I got a word that I didn’t know, I panicked. As a result, I didn’t qualify for the next stage. This year I spent more time studying. Whenever I found an interesting word, I spent 15 minutes looking up its context to remember it better. I was really well prepared. I thought the words to spell would be harder but I didn’t have any problems with the ones I got.
Interviewer: How much time did you spend studying words?
Cindy: Three hours on weekdays. Additionally, about 10 hours on Saturdays and Sundays, but I took some breaks to relax. At the weekend just before the competition I didn’t study at all. Instead, I went to a party. My dad said I’d studied enough.
Interviewer: Parents can be right sometimes, can’t they?
Cindy: Actually, my father knew very well how much time I’d spent spelling words. He often asked me if I needed help but I preferred to do all the work alone.
Interviewer: Do you often use the new words in everyday life?
Cindy: Sometimes, when I want to impress my school friends. I also find that some of these unusual words are helpful in writing my essays. Once, even the teacher was not sure about the spelling of a word he wrote on the blackboard and asked
me whether it had one or two Ls.
Interviewer: He must be glad he can rely on you.
adapted from www.ndtv.com
1.1. This is the second time Cindy has won a spelling competition. FALSE
1.2. This year the competition words were easier than Cindy expected. TRUE
1.3. Cindy studied for 10 hours at the weekend just before the competition. FALSE
1.4. Cindy learned the words for the competition without her father’s help. TRUE
1.5. Cindy’s teacher asked her to check her friends’ essays for spelling mistakes. FALSE
Usłyszysz dwukrotnie cztery wypowiedzi związane z hałasem. Do każdej wypowiedzi (2.1.–2.4.) dopasuj odpowiadające jej zdanie (A–E). Wpisz rozwiązania do tabeli. Uwaga: jedno zdanie zostało podane dodatkowo i nie pasuje do żadnej wypowiedzi.
Listen! You know, just as we all do, that this is an old building and the walls are very thin. You keep telling everyone else here that they’re loud and insist that they apologize every time. And then, when it’s your party, you behave as if no one else lived here. It’s been like this for years and I’m fed up. Either you stop the party right now or I’m calling the police!
adapted from http://answers.yahoo.com
I’m Izzy Thomlinson. It may seem strange, but I’m interested in unpleasant noises, for example fingernails scratching down a blackboard. Together with Professor Trevor Cox, an acoustics engineer, we want to test people’s reactions to such sounds. I’ll try to find out why some people react differently to the same type of noise, or why they find some noises more unpleasant than others.
adapted from www.bbc.co.uk
If, like me, you’re easily upset by noise, you may find noise stoppers useful in many situations. I’ve used them and I can honestly say that they have saved me from many sleepless nights. You may also try the so-called “White Noise” CDs. Actually, they don’t block irritating sounds. They simply cover them up with more pleasant sounds, such as ocean waves or birds singing in the distance.
adapted from www.insomnia-free.com
Can you imagine trying to relax with planes flying low over your head day and night? This happened to me when we were away. The hotel we stayed in was fine, but when booking the trip we didn’t know we would have to stay so close to the airport. Believe it or not, we had to stop talking when a plane was landing or taking off. Even car alarms sometimes went off when a 747 jumbo jet went over. We went there to relax and there was no chance!
adapted from www.tripadvisor.com
A. complains about noise on holiday.
B. gives advice on how to deal with noise.
C. speaks to a noisy neighbour.
D. apologizes for making noise.
E. talks about some research on noise.
2.1. - C
2.2. - E
2.3. - B
2.4. - A
Usłyszysz dwukrotnie sześć tekstów. Z podanych odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, zgodną z treścią nagrania. Zakreśl literę A, B albo C.
Next month we’re starting our very first Group Fitness Programme. You can get all the details of the dates and activities included in the programme at the reception. The programme will be run by our best instructors. They’ve been with us for at least five years and have worked with different age groups. And if you join the programme today and pay for the first month, you’ll get a free consultation with an expert specializing in healthy diets.
adapted from www.holdcom.com
Well, it’s not far from here. Drive straight on all the way down until you get to Central Avenue. There’ll be a petrol station on your right. Then, take the first turning to the left and you’ll see the shopping centre in the distance. If by any chance you miss it and get as far as the health club, it means you’ve gone too far. You’ll have to turn back at the next roundabout.
Kate, it’s Tim. Why aren’t you answering? I know what you can do if your parents still don’t want to let you redecorate your room. There is a computer program I’ve found on the Internet. It allows you to make a 3D version of a room. You’ll have to measure everything first but I can help you with that. Then you can make a presentation for your parents. You’ll show them what you’d like to do, how long it’ll take, and how much it’ll cost. Maybe they will agree. I’m on my way. I hope you’re in.
adapted from www.wikihow.com
Woman: Good morning. How can I help you, sir?
Man: Well, I’m flying to Liverpool in about three hours. Could you tell me the quickest way to get to the airport?
Woman: We have a free bus service here. The next bus leaves in 20 minutes, and it takes about 15 minutes to get to the airport.
Man: Fantastic. I will check out and wait in the main hall. Will you please let me know when the bus arrives?
Woman: Of course, sir. No problem. Can I have your room key, please?
Man: The roses look so beautiful. Where did you get them?
Woman: From a friend. His parents own a flower shop.
Man: Do you need any help with them?
Woman: Yes. Here are the gloves. Put them on or you’ll get dirty.
Man: What do I do now?
Woman: Dig a hole and then I’ll put the roses in. We don’t need to water them. It’s going to rain soon.
Man: I think they will look nice near the gate and we’ll have a better view of them from the living room.
Woman: Good idea!
And finally a news story from Colorado. A bear climbed into an empty car and sounded the horn. The bear was probably attracted by the sandwiches left on the back seat after a picnic. The car owner, 18-year-old Ben Tyler, was taking a nap in his tent when the bear opened the car door and climbed inside. When Ben woke up, he saw the animal stuck in the car, unable to get out. He called the nearby zoo whose workers eventually freed the frightened animal.
adapted from www.bbc.co.uk
3.1. The announcement about the Group Fitness Programme includes information about
A. the weekly cost of the programme.
B. the types of exercises on offer.
C. the trainers’ experience.
3.2. The woman gives directions to someone who wants to get to
A. a shopping centre.
B. a petrol station.
C. a health club.
3.3. Tim suggests that Kate should
A. show Tim’s presentation to her parents.
B. ask her parents to measure the room.
C. prepare some information for her parents.
3.4. The conversation takes place
A. at an airport.
B. at a hotel reception.
C. in a tourist information centre.
3.5. What are the speakers doing?
A. decorating their living room with roses
B. buying roses in a flower shop
C. planting roses in the garden
3.6. The bear got into the car when Ben Tyler
A. was sleeping.
B. was visiting a zoo.
C. was having a meal.
Przeczytaj tekst. Dobierz właściwy nagłówek (A–F) do każdej części tekstu (4.1.–4.4.). Wpisz odpowiednią literę w każdą kratkę.
Uwaga: dwa nagłówki zostały podane dodatkowo i nie pasują do żadnej części tekstu.
A. CONSTRUCTION PROCESS
B. WHY SO MANY SKYSCRAPERS ARE BUILT
C. ARGUMENTS FOR AND AGAINST
D. WHAT CAN BE FOUND INSIDE
E. SHAPE AND LOCATION
F. THE CHANGING APPEARANCE OF THE BUILDING
The Shard, a famous skyscraper in London, was completed in 2012. Like many large projects in London, it was quite controversial. People complained that the skyscraper would block the view from famous London landmarks: the Tower of London and St. Paul’s Cathedral. But the authorities said the tower would become another icon for the city and it would cause no harm to the visual panorama of London.
The building is in the form of a pyramid and it is the largest structure in Europe. The glass tower has 72 floors and it looks like a rocket ready to be launched into space at any moment. The skyscraper stands in the heart of London, on the south bank of the river Thames near Tower Bridge.
The building is covered with the so-called ‘extra white’ glass. It reflects the sky more than most traditional skyscrapers. That’s why it looks different from season to season and at different times of the day. In certain weather conditions you might have the impression that the upper levels of the building are missing.
The Shard is owned almost completely by the State of Qatar and the owners decided that the building should serve many functions. There are offices, luxury apartments, restaurants and a five-star hotel. Many people say that it will soon become one of the main tourist attractions in London.
adapted from www.english-online.at;
4.1. - C
4.2. - E
4.3. - F
4.4. - D
Przeczytaj trzy teksty związane z jedzeniem. Z podanych odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, zgodną z treścią tekstu. Zakreśl literę A, B albo C.
Are you good at preparing healthy meals? Would you like to visit the White House? If you answered “yes” to both questions, then you should enter the Healthy Lunchtime Challenge. The contest invites teens aged 14 to 18 from across the country to come up with lunch recipes that are both tasty and healthy. The authors of the best recipes, one from each state, will be invited to meet the chef who prepares the President’s meals in the White House. The winner will also have the opportunity to run a restaurant in Washington for a day. It’s a great chance for you! Send the application today!
adapted from www.timeforkids.com
5.1. The author of the text
A. encourages teenagers to take part in a competition.
B. gives teenagers instructions on preparing a meal.
C. invites teenagers to have dinner in the White House.
Ora loved cooking. She preferred to be alone in the kitchen and made it clear that the meals she cooked for our family were her business, and nobody else’s. Grandmother hated her. “The woman is ruining you,” she told our Mother. But the bills were no larger, which our Mother knew well. “The kids will be sick,” Grandmother remarked severely. But we were healthier than ever. We watched every plate Ora served and exclaimed in delight, “It smells so nice! How tasty it is!” “The kids’ table manners are getting worse,” Grandmother observed. And that was true if you believed, as she was taught to believe, that food should be
consumed without any sign of joy.
adapted from www.culinate.com
5.2. From the text, we learn that Ora
A. liked to prepare meals with the kids.
B. spent too much money on food.
C. made food the kids enjoyed.
AN ARTIST’S IDEA
David Meldrum, a graphic designer, has painted every meal he’s consumed for a year. His project shows cuisine ranging from fast food delivered in plastic trays to his mother’s homemade dishes. Mr. Meldrum used acrylic paints, watercolours, pen and ink to make the pictures, which also include everything he drank with his food. And the result is a shockingly honest portrait of his eating habits, with 1360 cups of coffee and hundreds of chocolate bars.
adapted from www.web.orange.co.uk
5.3. The text describes an unusual way of
A. changing bad eating habits.
B. documenting one’s meals.
C. preparing food in an artistic way.
Przeczytaj tekst. Z podanych odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, zgodną z treścią tekstu. Zakreśl literę A, B, C albo D.
MY VISIT TO NEW ZEALAND
by Royd Tolkien, the great-grandson of J.R.R. Tolkien
I fell in love with New Zealand on my first visit in 2003. New Line Cinema called to offer me a small role in The Lord of the Rings, a film based on my great-grandfather’s novel.
Of course, I accepted. I was excited to see what was happening behind the scenes. Watching how such a film is created, how the scenes are shot and put together, was so inspirational that when I returned to Britain, I decided to get involved in film production.
I watched the final version of The Lord of the Rings on screen a few months later. It was amazing to see how my great-grandfather’s ideas were shown in the film and what amazing special effects were used. What Peter Jackson and all the cast did with his books is beyond words. The team presented brilliantly that special atmosphere achieved by my great-grandfather. The effect is so powerful, as if New Zealand had been lifted straight from the pages of his books.
Since that first trip in 2003 I’ve been obsessed with that country. I’ve been back six times and tried to use every opportunity to experience different aspects of life there. The last time I went there to work on my own film and I was lucky enough to stay for three whole months.
Although I spent most of the time in Peter Jackson’s wonderful film centre in Wellington, I also had the chance to travel out of town. The landscapes were amazing wherever I went fishing, swimming or climbing.
When I’m travelling, local cuisine is always part of the experience for me. New Zealand has a lot to offer in this respect but if I had to choose just one place, it would be the Chocolate Fish Café in Shelly Bay. The location on the seashore is an advantage but that’s not what makes the place crowded with tourists every weekend. They come here for the impossibly good coffee and a great selection of fresh barbecued octopus, fish, crabs and oysters, tastier than anywhere else in the area. But despite the name, chocolate is not their speciality.
For desserts you’d better go somewhere else.
In my opinion, New Zealand has something for everybody. Tourists can bungee-jump off a bridge, ride a jet boat down a river, sunbathe on its beautiful beaches or walk in its glorious mountains. If you love nature, don’t hesitate. Do it with or without a guidebook, but do it all, or you’ll miss the best adventure of your life.
adapted from www.telegraph.co.uk
6.1. Royd Tolkien first went to New Zealand because he
A. was impressed by a documentary about this country.
B. needed inspiration for his new film.
C. wanted to open a film studio there.
D. was invited to take part in a film.
6.2. In Royd’s opinion, Peter Jackson and his team
A. used special effects too often.
B. presented the story better than J.R.R. Tolkien.
C. managed to recreate J.R.R. Tolkien’s world.
D. created a different atmosphere than in the books.
6.3. Which is TRUE about Royd’s last visit to New Zealand?
A. It was his third trip to the country.
B. Peter Jackson showed him round Wellington.
C. He spent some time exploring the countryside.
D. He had to stay there longer than three months.
6.4. Why does Royd recommend the Chocolate Fish Café?
A. They serve delicious seafood there.
B. It is located in the city centre.
C. Their hot chocolate is the best.
D. Not many tourists know about it.
6.5. In the last paragraph, the author
A. describes his favourite place in New Zealand.
B. encourages readers to visit New Zealand.
C. gives advice on how to travel safely in New Zealand.
D. recommends the best guidebook for a trip to New Zealand.
Przeczytaj tekst, z którego usunięto trzy zdania. Wpisz w luki 7.1.–7.3. litery, którymi oznaczono brakujące zdania (A–E), tak aby otrzymać logiczny i spójny tekst. Uwaga: dwa zdania zostały podane dodatkowo i nie pasują do żadnej luki.
In 1983, my friend Haig took me to a meeting with Star Trek film stars. The chance to meet them all was a great joy for him. For me, the biggest attraction was the book stalls in the entrance hall. 7.1. _____ So, while Haig was trying to get some autographs, I browsed the shelves for some bargains.
One of the booksellers had Asimov’s latest book. Although I’d already read it, the price was attractive and I decided to buy it. I told the bookseller, however, that it wasn’t Asimov’s best work. At this very moment, an elderly man joined us. He asked me why I felt this way.
7.2. _____ To prove it, I intended to open the book on the last page. And then I saw the photo of the author on the cover and got a shock. I realized that I’d just told one of the best science fiction writers that his book wasn’t very good.
I stood speechless with the book still in my hand. The writer took it and said, “What’s your name?” 7.3. _____ His short dedication said: “To Jack, I hope my next book will meet your expectations. All the best, Isaac Asimov.”
adapted from www.experienceproject.com
A. I didn’t have any so I started to apologize to him.
B. I replied that the ending was totally disappointing.
C. I had never read a science fiction book with such a boring beginning.
D. When I finally whispered it, he wrote something on the first page.
E. As an enthusiastic reader, I always try to find well-priced bestsellers.
7.1. - E
7.2. - B
7.3. - C
Przeczytaj tekst. Z podanych odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, tak aby otrzymać logiczny i gramatycznie poprawny tekst. Zakreśl literę A, B albo C.
SWEDISH ICE HOTEL
The Ice Hotel, which is located in the northern Swedish town of Jukkasjärvi, is rebuilt at the beginning of every winter. It is constructed of ice blocks. Everything, including 8.1. _____ the furniture and kitchen appliances, is made of ice.
This year, however, the owners of the hotel 8.2. _____ by the town hall’s architect they could not continue construction because there was not even one fire detector included in their plans.
The hotel management were surprised but they agreed that in the hotel there were things that could easily 8.3. _____ fire, like pillows, sleeping bags or reindeer skins. “To us the most important concern is the safety of our clients, 8.4. _____ we will do our best to install the device as soon as possible,” Beatrice Karlsson said at a press conference last week.
Surprisingly, when the fire detector was finally installed yesterday, the alarm 8.5. _____ unexpectedly, making so much noise that it even frightened the reindeer gathered near the hotel.
adapted from www.independent.co.uk
A. were told
C. were telling
A. went off
B. broke up
C. took on
W zadaniach 9.1.–9.5. spośród podanych opcji odpowiedzi (A–C) wybierz tę, która najlepiej oddaje sens wyróżnionego zdania lub jego fragmentu. Zakreśl literę A, B albo C.
9.1. It’s not necessary for you to give me all the details.
A. You can’t give me all the details.
B. You mustn’t give me all the details.
C. You don’t have to give me all the details.
9.2. They hope to reach the airport in twenty minutes.
A. get to
B. take off
C. go on
9.3. I’m looking forward to your answer.
A. I’m waiting to get your answer.
B. I’d like to send you my answer.
C. I’ll be happy to answer your questions.
9.4. Who prepared Mary’s breakfast?
A. ate Mary’s breakfast
B. made breakfast for Mary
C. brought breakfast from Mary
9.5. What do you think of working abroad?
A. Why don’t you want to work abroad?
B. What’s your view on working abroad?
C. Do you know someone who is working abroad?
Brałeś(-aś) ostatnio udział w biegu ulicznym. Napisz e-mail do kolegi z Anglii.
- opisz swoje przygotowania do udziału w tym biegu
- napisz o trudnym momencie, który miał miejsce w czasie biegu
- przedstaw zalety organizowania biegów ulicznych w miastach
- podaj szczegóły kolejnej takiej imprezy i zaproponuj koledze udział w niej.
Rozwiń swoją wypowiedź w każdym z czterech podpunktów, pamiętając, że jej długość powinna wynosić od 80 do 130 słów (nie licząc słów w zdaniach, które są podane). Oceniana jest umiejętność pełnego przekazania informacji (4 punkty), spójność i logika wypowiedzi (2 punkty), bogactwo językowe (2 punkty) oraz poprawność językowa (2 punkty).
Podpisz się jako XYZ.
Thank you for your last email. Guess what! Last Sunday there was a 10-kilometre run in my town.
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- Matura 2015: Łacina i kultura antyczna poziom rozszerzony [ODPOWIEDZI, ARKUSZE CKE]
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