Stara matura 2016: Angielski poziom rozszerzony [ODPOWIEDZI, ARKUSZ CKE]
Od godziny 14 tegoroczni maturzyści walczyli dzisiaj z językiem angielskim na poziomie rozszerzonym. Z nami sprawdzicie, jak poszedł Wam egzamin!
Stara matura 2016: Angielski poziom rozszerzony - odpowiedzi:
Uzupełnij każdą lukę (1.1.–1.5.) jednym wyrazem, przekształcając wyraz podany w nawiasie, tak aby otrzymać logiczny i gramatycznie poprawny tekst. Wymagana jest pełna poprawność ortograficzna wpisywanych wyrazów. Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 0,5 punktu.
Leon Logothetis has embarked on a seemingly 1.1. (POSSIBLE) ______________________ mission: to circumnavigate the globe with no gas, no food, no money and no places to stay. He has relied solely on the 1.2. (GENEROUS) _________________________ of strangers to put him up, feed him and fuel his vintage yellow motorcycle. He calls his 1.3. (REMARK) ________________________ mission Kindness One and his motorcycle “the first ever vehicle powered solely by kindness.”
So far, Logothetis has proven that kindness is a quality not bound by borders. In Pittsburgh, he met a homeless man named Tony who, despite having hardly anything himself, gave Logothetis some clothes, a place to sleep for the night and food.
“I told him that he was the 1.4. (WEALTHY) ________________________ man I had ever met, because true wealth does not come in the form of a hefty bank account.” What Leon wants to emphasize in his blog is that true wealth comes in the form of a full heart and an overflowing spirit, both of which 1.5. (ABLE) ________________________ us to do noble deeds.
Leon keeps The Kindness Diaries in his blog, where he describes all the acts of kindness he has experienced.
adapted from www.perryellis.com
Wykorzystując wyrazy podane drukowanymi literami, uzupełnij każde zdanie z luką, tak aby zachować sens zdania wyjściowego (2.1.–2.5.). W każdą lukę można wpisać maksymalnie pięć wyrazów, wliczając wyraz już podany. Wymagana jest pełna poprawność ortograficzna i gramatyczna wpisywanych fragmentów zdań. Uwaga: nie zmieniaj formy podanych wyrazów.
2.1. He worked as a travel guide and so he visited all the European countries in one year.
If he hadn’t worked as a travel guide, he _______________________________________ all the European countries in one year.
2.2. The number of modern vehicles on our roads has risen since last year.
There _________________________________________ the number of modern vehicles on our roads since last year.
2.3. They asked him if he had seen anything unusual, but he said he hadn’t.
He __________________________________ anything unusual when they asked him about it.
2.4. John didn’t enjoy the film as much as he had expected.
The film didn’t ______________________________ John’s expectations.
2.5. “Where did you find that wallet?” the policeman asked me.
The policeman wanted to know _______________________________________ that wallet.
2.1 also would have visited
2.2 is a rise of
2.3 had denied seeing
2.4 live up to
2.5 where I have found
Wypowiedz się na jeden z trzech poniższych tematów. Wypowiedź powinna zawierać od 200 do 250 słów i spełniać wszystkie wymogi typowe dla formy wskazanej w poleceniu. Zaznacz wybrany temat, zakreślając jego numer.
1. Władze wielu miast sponsorują koncerty gwiazd na świeżym powietrzu w noc sylwestrową. Napisz rozprawkę, w której przedstawisz dobre i złe strony organizacji takich imprez na powitanie Nowego Roku.
2. Napisz opowiadanie o zwierzęciu domowym, któremu udaje się uratować swojego właściciela w niebezpiecznej sytuacji.
3. Napisz recenzję książki, która jest relacją z podróży zagranicznej odbytej przez autora.
Uwaga: jeśli praca będzie zawierać więcej niż 300 słów, otrzymasz za jej kompozycję
Usłyszysz dwukrotnie wywiad na temat nietypowych zawodów sportowych. Zaznacz znakiem X, które zdania są zgodne z treścią nagrania (T – True), a które nie (F – False). Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.
Interviewer: With me in the studio today is Simon Barton, one of the organisers of an unusual sporting event called the Bog Snorkelling Championships. Welcome Simon.
Simon: It’s my pleasure to be here with you.
Interviewer: Could you describe the place where the Championships are organized?
Simon: The event takes place in a small wet meadow. To be precise, it’s a mud-covered, soft and soggy piece of marshland, which might not sound pleasant for the prospective competitors. Strange as it may seem, the area is not off the beaten path. The site is well signposted from the nearest town for those who don’t mind a one-mile walk, and there is also a shuttle bus running from the town to the meadow and back. There are food and drink stalls, a bouncy castle and live music, so participants and their families can have a great day out there!
Interviewer: And what about the rules of the competition?
Simon: Everybody who thinks that they will be able to swim 55 metres along a cold and muddy channel, turn around and come back is free to enter the competition. And all those who complete the set distance receive a medal. Wetsuits are recommended as the water can be really chilly. Still, quite a lot of competitors wear their own T-shirts or ordinary swimming costumes, which is not forbidden. Such a choice, however, is definitely for the macho type.
Interviewer: From what you’ve said some of our listeners might wonder if bog snorkelling is safe.
Simon: Well, let me stress that it’s not for the faint-hearted, but there aren’t any health hazards involved. The only problem the participants have complained about so far is goosebumps, a mild skin condition which develops due to excitement or cold and passes quickly. I’ve been doing bog snorkelling myself for some time and must admit that it has a therapeutic effect on me. It takes my mind off things and I have tremendous fun.
Interviewer: And would you say that doing bog snorkelling can be taken seriously?
Simon: Sure! More than 110 people took part in the event last year. It also attracted crowds of spectators. It was featured locally on the BBC.
Interviewer: Well, it’s been very interesting talking to you. Thank you for joining us.
adapted from www.green-events.co.uk/events.html
4.1. The place where the competition is held is inaccessible by public transport. FAŁSZ
4.2. Every participant who covers the whole distance of the race receives a medal. PRAWDA
4.3. Professional swimwear is not required to enter the competition. PRAWDA
4.4. Some participants have developed serious skin infections. FAŁSZ
4.5. In the interview, Simon explains how the competition gained international popularity. FAŁSZ
We asked five people to share their views on donating to charity. Here is what they said.
I see nothing wrong in supporting charities as long as they are effective. Surprisingly, many organisations which are famous for their spectacular charity events come up with poor results, and even make losses. I’d like to know why. Often the public is not informed how the money is spent. I think it should be vital for charity organisations to publish official statements of the funds they collect and expend. For me it’s just as important as who they support.
I’d like to see charity administrators speak to volunteers and show them what can be done to make a difference to those in need. Donating time, knowledge or experience might produce better results than offering financial aid. I’d like it to be common practice to ask sponsors if they can also help practically, especially in a world of anonymous neighbours, economic crisis, stress and an apparent lack of empathy.
There are more and more charities run, for instance, by bookstores, restaurants or bakeries which collect money to help low-income parents in the area where they operate. I’ve also heard of a fund at a veterinary clinic for stray dogs found in the neighbourhood. I can see the noticeable benefits of these programmes in my community and must say that they have lower administrative costs than large organisations. They can also be tailored to the specific needs of the community, which allows them to spend money more effectively.
I don’t support charities. It has nothing to do with a lack of means or being greedy. I can’t help feeling that something is terribly wrong when those in need have to depend on optional “giving”. It’s to our shame that addressing major social problems comes down to tins being rattled in the street. The government’s duty is to help the poor by tackling poverty. That’s much more efficient than the help offered by charitable organisations.
I began my working life volunteering for a charity organisation which sent food packages to hurricane victims abroad. That work got me my first paid job. My prospective boss happened to see me so engaged in packing the boxes that he offered me a position in his office. This proves that being involved in voluntary work can have a significant impact on your future. With so little effort I managed to achieve so much in my professional life.
adapted from www.theguardian.com
Usłyszysz dwukrotnie wypowiedzi pięciu osób na temat organizacji charytatywnych. Do każdej osoby (5.1.–5.5.) dopasuj zdanie podsumowujące jej wypowiedź (A–F). Uwaga: jedno zdanie zostało podane dodatkowo i nie pasuje do żadnej wypowiedzi.
Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.
A. Working for a charity might boost your chances on the job market.
B. The well-being of disadvantaged groups should not rest on charities.
C. Local charities spend money efficiently.
D. Charities need financial transparency.
E. Companies which support charities influence them too much.
F. Charity should not be restricted to financial help.
Interviewer: Today the TV producer, Geoffrey Drummond, tells us what it was like to work with Julia Child, the woman who taught Americans to cook. Geoffrey, how did you two meet?
Geoffrey: In the late 1980s, I produced a TV series called New York’s Master Chefs. The idea was to let people take a look in the kitchens of restaurants where everybody had begun to flock at the time. We needed a host for another series we were going to make and somebody recommended Julia. I wasn’t convinced so I decided to talk to her. I got invited to the culinary course she was conducting and one day I popped in for an hour. I was mesmerized because all her charisma I saw on TV came across 10 times more when I saw her live. I knew she was the person I was looking for.
Interviewer: So you talked to Julia and persuaded her to do the series Cooking with Master Chefs with you.
Geoffrey: Well, first I told her about my idea for the show. I thought I would travel around the country to see all these chefs, and then Julia would go through the material and make an introduction and some segments. But she made it quite clear that she was going to be a big part of the project, that she would travel and do everything. It surprised me that despite her age – she was in her late 80s then – she insisted on being a full participant. Anything that involved her, she wanted to have a say in it. We immediately started planning the series and the menus.
Interviewer: Do you remember any of her programmes in particular?
Geoffrey: She made some of them with a famous chef, Jacques Pépin. One time they were making mushrooms stuffed with spinach. She tasted them and said, “Jacques, this spinach tastes a little tough.” “Well, it doesn’t taste tough to me,” he replied, and she just said, “I guess you must have sharper teeth.” I also remember when we were at Martha Stewart’s house and they were making a cake. Martha’s was geometric perfection, and Julia made one which looked like the Leaning Tower of Pisa. I was surprised, but it wasn’t an accidental flaw. After the programme, Julia told me that she’d wanted to show Martha and the audience that food doesn’t have to look perfect and can still be delicious.
Interviewer: And how did Julia prepare for the programme?
Geoffrey: Before shooting we would plan the framework of each episode, that is the stages of making each dish and the time breaks. We organised a kitchen in the basement, where some food was prepared, and Julia would go downstairs during the breaks in filming and check everything. And yet preparing a detailed script was out of the question because she delighted in the unexpected. She loved telling jokes or stories spontaneously so you’d never know what she was going to do or say next. That was the fun of it for her.
Interviewer: And the last question. How would you describe Julia’s legacy?
Geoffrey: I think she brought respectability to homemade meals in America. For many people it was almost as if Julia had given them permission to pursue their dreams and ambitions in the food industry. One of Julia’s biggest achievements was the change in the status of a chef from a manual worker to a skilled professional.
Interviewer: Geoffrey, thanks so much for joining us.
Usłyszysz dwukrotnie wywiad z producentem programów kulinarnych. Z podanych odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, zgodną z treścią nagrania. Zakreśl literę A, B, C albo D. Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.
6.1. Geoffrey Drummond became convinced he wanted to work with Julia Child after
A. trying one of her dishes in a New York restaurant.
B. watching a TV programme she was hosting.
C. seeing her run a cookery class. Poprawna odpowiedź
D. attending a lecture about her.
6.2. After Julia agreed to work with Geoffrey on the series Cooking with Master Chefs, she
A. showed more involvement in the project than he expected. Poprawna odpowiedź
B. made it clear she intended to travel as little as possible.
C. realised her age was going to be a disadvantage.
D. insisted on choosing the menus herself.
6.3. Geoffrey recalls that in one of her programmes Julia
A. got angry because her dish did not meet someone’s expectations.
B. pretended she liked something which tasted awful.
C. made her dish look less attractive on purpose. Poprawna odpowiedź
D. had a violent argument with another chef.
6.4. When working on the programme, Julia
A. prepared the dishes herself from start to finish.
B. read a detailed script before the actual filming.
C. filmed the staff in a basement kitchen.
D. enjoyed improvising on the set. Poprawna odpowiedź
6.5. When answering the last question, Geoffrey
A. outlines Julia’s culinary dreams and ambitions.
B. emphasizes Julia’s contribution to the culinary world. Poprawna odpowiedź
C. explains why the profession of a chef is so challenging.
D. draws attention to the importance of homemade meals.
ROZUMIENIE PISANEGO TEKSTU I ROZPOZNAWANIE STRUKTUR
Przeczytaj tekst. Z podanych odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, zgodną z treścią tekstu. Zakreśl literę A, B, C albo D. Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.
Strickland made no particular impression on the people who came in contact with him. To them he was no more than a man in constant need of cash, remarkable only for the fact that he painted pictures which seemed ridiculous to them; and it was not until he had been dead for some years that the dealers from Paris and Berlin came to look for any pictures which might still remain on the island where he created his best works. They remembered that they could have cheaply bought canvases which were now worth large sums, and they could not forgive themselves for the opportunity which had escaped them.
There was a trader called Cohen, who had once come by one of Strickland’s pictures. He was a little old Frenchman, half trader and half seaman. I went to see him and began to talk to him about Strickland. He had known Strickland well. “You see, I wasn’t interested in him because he was a painter,” he told me. “We hardly get any painters in the islands, and I was sorry for him. I gave him his first job shortly after we’d met. I had a plantation, and I wanted a supervisor. You never get any good work from workers unless you have a man over them. So I allowed him plenty of time for painting, and he could earn a bit of money. I knew he was starving so I offered him good wages.”
“I can’t imagine that he was a very satisfactory supervisor,” I said, smiling. “You got that right! He only remained a few months. When he had enough money to buy paints and canvases he left me. But I continued to see him once in a while. He would turn up and stay for a few days; he’d get money out of someone and then disappear again. It was on one of these startling visits that he asked for the loan of two hundred francs to settle his debts. He looked as if he hadn’t had a meal for a week, and I didn’t have the heart to refuse him. Of course, I never thought I would see my money again. Well, a year later he came to see me, and he brought a picture. He did not mention the money he owed me, but delivered a picture that he’d painted for me.”
“What was it like?” I asked.
“Do not ask me. I could not make head or tail of it. So I took it into the attic and put it away with all sorts of rubbish. Then, after thirty years, my brother wrote to me from Paris interrogating whether I knew anything about an English painter who used to live in Tahiti. It turned out that his pictures fetched large prices, and my brother thought there was money to be made. So, my wife and I went up to the attic, and there, among piles of rubbish was the picture we never hung in our house. I looked at it again and so did my wife. We didn’t see anything in the picture. My wife even thought that my brother must have gone crazy if he wanted that thing. It depicted a plantation of coconuts with blue leaves, something never and nowhere seen before. Well, we sent it to my brother. When I received a letter from him, I couldn’t believe my eyes. What do you think he said? He confessed that he thought it was a joke that I had played on him. He would not have given the cost of postage for the picture. Imagine his surprise when the trader stated it was a masterpiece, and offered him thirty thousand francs. He would have paid more, but frankly my brother was so taken aback that he’d lost his head. He accepted the offer before he was able to collect himself.”
7.1. In the first paragraph, we learn that Strickland
A. regularly lacked money. Poprawna odpowiedź
B. refused to trade his paintings to art dealers.
C. kept his profession secret from local people.
D. found it difficult to paint while living on the island.
7.2. What made Cohen hire Strickland?
A. A long-lasting friendship.
B. A keen interest in art.
C. A desperate need for profit.
D. A desire to help. Poprawna odpowiedź
7.3. After leaving the job on the plantation, Strickland
A. kept away from the island.
B. relied on other people’s help. Poprawna odpowiedź
C. settled in one place for good.
D. found a stable occupation.
7.4. The painting that Strickland gave Cohen
A. was hidden in the attic for safety reasons.
B. showed a scene that looked unrealistic. Poprawna odpowiedź
C. was recognised as a stolen masterpiece.
D. made a positive impression on Cohen’s wife.
7.5. The text is about
A. a trader pursuing a promising career in art.
B. a painting that changed an artist’s life.
C. an artist appreciated after his death. Poprawna odpowiedź
D. a painter who fell from grace.
Przeczytaj tekst, z którego usunięto cztery fragmenty. Wpisz w luki 8.1.–8.4. litery, którymi oznaczono brakujące fragmenty (A–E), tak aby otrzymać logiczny i spójny tekst. Uwaga: jeden fragment został podany dodatkowo i nie pasuje do żadnej luki. Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.
WEARABLE TECH DEVICES
The approximately 15 million smart glasses, fitness bands and watches sold proves that public interest in wearable technology has rocketed recently. 8.1. _____ Just like PCs and smartphones, wearable devices create a ‘data exhaust’, a stream of quite easily accessible information that is extremely attractive to cybercriminals.
One of the most apparently innocent forms of wearable technology is the smart fitness band, which measures a range of activities: from steps walked to hours slept. 8.2. _____ Having acquired such data, they are able to work out where the target of their attack lives, works, and stops for coffee. The hacker could then use this information. Data extracted from a smartwatch can show chronic high blood pressure which could be used to prove that a person is unfit for work. A cybercriminal could use such information to blackmail their targets, or even to publicly discredit them. 8.3. _____ If a cybercriminal snapped images from it, they could build up a complex picture of where the target is, what they are doing and who they are meeting. The wearable devices could also act as gateways to other devices or data stored in the cloud. If the smartwatch or eyewear is unprotected, it becomes the weak point in the chain, giving hackers a backdoor to confidential data.
Unfortunately, many cybersecurity experts acknowledge that there is very little consumers can do to protect themselves from these risks. 8.4. _____ However, it should not be up to users, but to the wearable technology manufacturers themselves to install security into their devices.
adapted from www.telegraph.co.uk
A. For most of us such detailed information on other people’s lives seems irrelevant. However, it might prove invaluable for hackers and cybercriminals.
B. One of the precautions they can take is to choose strong passwords or turn their fitness trackers on at the end of the street or round the corner, not outside their front door.
C. But experts are warning that such an explosive growth in the demand for these gadgets could soon lead to a security nightmare.
D. In some cases wearable technology gadgets may improve consumer security by being used, for example, as authentication devices which enable recognition.
E. Another threat to the users of some devices is the built-in camera which may contain a lot of personally sensitive information.
Przeczytaj tekst. Z podanych odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, tak aby otrzymać logiczny i gramatycznie poprawny tekst. Zakreśl literę A, B, C albo D.
A BRIEF HISTORY OF SPACE FOOD
As the first space flights lasted just a few minutes, there was no 9.1. _____ to carry food onboard. But in the early 1960s, the astronauts of Project Mercury stayed in space for longer periods and had to eat something. The first space foods were unappetizing, to say the least. Most were semi-liquids that were squeezed from tubes and sucked up through straws.
By the time the Gemini mission was launched in 1965, the food 9.2. _____ a bit more enjoyable. The meals were freeze-dried, meaning that they were cooked, quickly frozen and then put in a vacuum chamber to remove the water. 9.3. _____ rehydrate the food, the astronauts simply injected water into the package with a water gun.
The Apollo astronauts were the first 9.4. _____ utensils and no longer had to squeeze food into their mouths. The mission introduced the spoon bowl, a plastic container with dehydrated food inside. When the water was injected into the bowl, the wetness of the food made it cling to the spoon instead of floating away. The Skylab mission, launched in 1973, had the 9.5. _____ of onboard refrigeration, which allowed them to carry 72 different types of menu items.
After the launch of the first space shuttle in the 1980s, meals began to 9.6. _____ the ones that astronauts ate on Earth. They had the choice of 74 different foods and 20 drinks and prepared their meals with a water dispenser and an oven.
adapted from http://science.howstuffworks.com
A. has become
B. had become
C. used to become
D. might become
A. In addition to
B. With regard to
C. With a view to
D. In order to
A. having used
C. to use
Matura 2016 - harmonogram